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A heart attack is a life-threatening medical emergency that requires immediate action. It is advised to treat even minor symptoms immediately. Otherwise, the chances of serious heart damage or even death are high. Every 40 seconds, someone has a heart attack in the United States, according to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Extreme stress or vigorous activities are directly related to heart attack. If you are a patient with heart disease, the chance of a heart attack is higher. However, heart attacks can occur at any time and any place with anyone. So recognizing and applying prevention for a heart attack at an early stage can prevent the victims from unfortunate events, at least having knowledge of first aid for heart attack can make a difference in life and death. Let’s start with signs and symptoms of heart attack.
If you experience chest pain for more than 15 minutes, this is a sign that you are having a heart attack. Some people experience mild pain, while others experience severe chest pain. This symptom is usually described as pressure or chest heaviness. But some people do not feel any pain at all. Women will have more vague heart attack symptoms, like shortness of breath, back pain, nausea, or jaw pain.
Although heart attacks occur suddenly, many people show the symptoms an hour or a day in advance. Someone having CPR and First Aid Training may be able to recognize the symptoms early and save the person's life. Some of the significant signs and symptoms people show before a heart attack are discussed below:
A heart attack is a life-threatening medical emergency that requires immediate action. When someone is exhibiting signs of a heart attack, it is critical to know what to do while waiting for professional medical assistance to arrive. The actions taken in the first few minutes can be the difference between life and death. It is important to remain calm, alert emergency responders, make the person as comfortable as possible, and be prepared to provide CPR if needed. The below are the 9 key steps of first aid for heart attack:
Note: Do not act on your own on the heart medication unless you are a trained medical personal. Learn if the heart attack victim is continuing any heart medication and then only proceed to supply medicine. If unsure it's always wise to wait for the arrival of an emergency medical team.
However, it's crucial to understand that this blog serves as supplementary information and should not replace formal certification and hands-on training in CPR. Enrolling in a certification course remains the best way to acquire the necessary skills and confidence to perform CPR effectively in real-life situations.
It's natural that you will be panicking at the moment and may try out every solution your mind may run. But, you have to keep calm and follow the heart attack first aid. There are some measures you shouldn't apply to a cardiac arrest or heart attack victim.
Let's learn about the risk factors of heart attack before we go through the prevention. Some of the risk factors of heart attack are:
Heart Attacks can occur anytime and anywhere, but you can prevent them if you change your lifestyle and follow some measures.
Heart Attack is taking about 800,000 lives every year. Most deaths occur because the victim didn't receive immediate heart attack first aid or proper medical attention in time or the person near them is not trained to provide the essential first aid treatment for heart attack. It shows us the significance of CPR and first aid training in case of emergencies and how it can save lives. Heart Start CPR offers CPR and First Aid Training for people all over California. We offer classroom courses, on-site training, and online classes. Please Call (877) 846-8277 if you have any inquiries regarding our training.
In a heart attack, it is imperative to take three essential actions promptly. First, immediately dial 911 or the local emergency number to obtain professional medical assistance.
Secondly, administer aspirin by chewing and swallowing it, as this can aid in mitigating the severity of the situation until emergency medical personnel arrive.
Lastly, if the affected individual loses consciousness, initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to sustain vital functions until advanced medical care is accessible.
This initial response protocol extends the critical intervention window and supports the patient until comprehensive medical attention is secured.
If you are experiencing a heart attack, sit and rest or lie comfortably. Sitting comfortably can help ease the strain on your heart and reduce the workload. While sitting down and resting may provide some relief, the priority should be to seek emergency medical assistance immediately.
If you have been prescribed nitroglycerin and it is accessible, you may take it as directed by your healthcare provider while waiting for emergency services. However, following the guidance of healthcare professionals and emergency responders in your specific situation is crucial.
Several common signs and symptoms may indicate someone is having a heart attack. These include chest pain or discomfort that lasts more than a few minutes, pain or discomfort in other upper body areas like the arms, back, neck, jaw, or stomach, shortness of breath, sweating or breaking out in a cold sweat, sudden lightheadedness or dizziness, and unexplained fatigue or tiredness.
If an individual experiences any of these symptoms, especially acute chest pain, it should be treated as a potential medical emergency. The recommended first aid, as discussed above, is to immediately call emergency services or go to the nearest emergency room for evaluation and treatment, even if the symptoms seem mild. Prompt medical care can prevent further damage to the heart muscle and save lives in the event of a heart attack. Ignoring or delaying treatment puts one at serious risk.
Aspirin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that works by inhibiting cyclooxygenase enzymes, primarily COX-1 and, to a lesser extent, COX-2. These enzymes produce prostaglandins that promote inflammation, pain, and fever.
When you take aspirin, it acetylates and irreversibly inactivates COX enzymes. This stops them from converting arachidonic acid into prostaglandins, resulting in lower levels of prostaglandins and less inflammation and pain.
Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation by blocking the production of thromboxane A2 in platelets. This makes the blood less likely to clot, which is why aspirin is used to help prevent heart attacks and strokes in at-risk individuals.
The anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain relieving), and antipyretic (fever-reducing) effects of aspirin come from the inhibition of COX enzymes and prostaglandins. The anti-clotting effects come from the inhibition of thromboxane.
During a heart attack, a blood clot blocks blood flow to the heart muscle. Aspirin helps prevent these clots from forming by stopping blood cells called platelets from sticking together. It does this by blocking a substance called thromboxane that activates platelets. By keeping platelets from clumping, aspirin helps maintain blood flow in blocked arteries. This can reduce damage to the heart during a heart attack. Aspirin's blood-thinning effect starts working in about 30 minutes and lasts for several hours.